Mount Etna Facts – The reality of its eruption

 Mount Etna lies on Sicily, Italy. This is right there in the Catania Province. It is considered an active volcano. This largest volcano measures 10,900 feet tall. If converted, this is 3,329 in meters. The base circumference on the other hand is around 93 miles. This is 150 in kilometers. This volcano is known to hold the record of longest eruption which happened continuously.

There is a series of these stratovolcanoes which are nested in the four distinct of most summit craters. There are also two various central craters which can be expected. Both of these are termed Voragine and Bocca Nuova. The first one mentioned is known to be the Northeast crater, while the other one is a Southeast crater. This was form through an eruption somewhere in the year 1978. During the Strombolian eruptions, which were responsible for producing ash, lava and tephra fountains, these were said to be common craters. In the year 2013, there was an early eruption which also took place. This involved most of strombolian eruptions. This transpired in the year 2013. This originated from Bocca Nuova. As for the eruptions in February, they were all noticeable in that of the Southeast crater.

Valle del Bove is dubbed as the most enormous feature of the mountain. This is sometimes referred to as the Valley of the Ox. This is a shape which resembles that of a horeshoe. This is perceived just right there in the eastern slope. There are also other vents and fissures known to many. These are on in the flanks of the volcano. These will always produce flows which are slow-moving. These are also pyroclastic in nature with their low altitudes. The flows that occurred suddenly threatened public utilities, agriculture and even transportation. This is heavily populated. The towns are also surrounded with various mountains.

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The Eruptions

Mount Etna, as said earlier in the part of this article, the eruptions are long and not all volcanoes have this. The observation which was initially recorded was done by that of Diodurus Siculus This was true way back in the 425 BC. A Roman poet, a classical one in the name of Virgil in the Aenid, described how the mountain looks like. According to a lot of Roman records, there has been a widespread damage happening somewhere around the Catania town. These Roman taxes faced cancellation though for a decade because locals are helped in the rebuilding. The place was then in the destruction path. This was again the case in the AD 40, which was around 1185 and 1169.

In that of the year 1669, the mountains performed tons of eruptions which are destructive in nature. There were 1,5000 people who were then killed in the Nicoli town. This was even destroyed because of an earthquake which then originated in Mount Etna. As for the place of Catania, most of their townspeople made an attempt to have the damage controlled. They did this by having the trench dug in order for the flowing of lava to be diverted.

Hair Follicle Test Facts – What are they for?

 There are many things to learn about hair drug screening. This is the time when a sample of hair is used in order to know what drug the person used. This can also measure the drug molecules. The same is also true with other specific metabolites which are being produced after the consumption of drug. This may then be processed by the body. It would not hurt to learn more about hair follicle test facts.

Aside from the mentioned, it is also the time when the metabolites are to be traced. These are going to be inserted in the hair follicle of the person. This happens through the bloodstream. There is a standard hair follicle too which goes on a certain period of time. This is the span when it can still be utilized for the test. There is just a susceptible variation of the time though. This depends upon the rate the hair grows. Through this, a sample will be cut from the hair. This one should be real close to that of the scalp. It has to be the most recent cut from it too. Probably, 3.9 cm of it will have to be tested. There are those asking, would it be needed to go back after 90 days? This may be questioned because as mentioned, there is a time period that is limited, most especially to that of the length. It needs to be the standard of 90 day in history.

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Using the standard hair test, what kind of drugs have to be detected? Well, there is a plenty like Marijuana, Cocaine, Opiates and Phencyclidine. These are just among the options though. The hair which has been obtained from the head, on its crown actually may grow for lie 1.3 cm. This is the approximate length of it and it may be observed on a monthly basis. This rate of growth may vary though. It depends upon the situation. Time variation may indeed be possible.

For those wondering if the hair of the body may be used for the drug testing too, then the answer is yes.  The rate of the growth of such hair can be way slower though. This is true unlike the hair. Most of the hair found within the body will be replaced just a year. This is said to be challenging and this may represent a standard result with the substances in the hair. This will be detected even after a year ago. This is true for as long as drug is still in the blood stream of the individual.

So – how much hair is really necessary? Basically, 40+ milligrams would be fine. This will amount to like 50 to 70 strands. These can also go up until that of 3.9 cm. This is true for the length as well. The pigment and the thickness of the color will also be different. This is in accordance to the head hair. This is said to be the real basis of the variation that there is. These should all be remembered.

Homeopathic Remedies to Help Cure Acne

Acne is the most common skin problem and affects everyone at some point in their life. Acne is most common during puberty and teenage years, but is also an issue for many adults. Acne causes blackheads, whiteheads and inflamed red lesions (pustules, cysts and pastules) which are known as simply zits or pimples.

Acne is caused when the pores of the skin become clogged. This happens because each pore has a follicle which contains a single hair and an oil gland. The oil gland helps to keep the skin lubricated, and works to remove old skin cells, but it can produce too much oil and become blocked. This causes it to collect dirt, debris and bacteria. Acne is most common the face, but is also quite common on the shoulders. However, it can occur on the arms, buttocks legs and chest as well.

The most important step in helping to treat and prevent acne is proper skin care. However, for many people this is not enough. Many people with more severe acne use prescription drugs and over the counter medications to help treat acne. However, most people seek out more natural forms of treatment. Homeopathy, being one of the more common forms of alternative medicine. Homeopathy helps to treat certain types of acne, and along with proper skin care can help to prevent and control certain types of acne.

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Pulsatilla and Silica (Silicea) for Acne

The homeopathic remedy known as pulsatilla should be taken by those with acne that is associated with hormonal changes. This treatment works especially well for that have acne that accompanied puberty, menstrual onset or menopause.

The homeopathic remedy known as silica (also known as silicea) should be taken by those that have acne that is characterized by chronic white pustules.

Sulphur for Acne

The homeopathic medicine known as sulphur should be taken by those with acne that is characterized with red and inflamed acne pustules. Oftentimes those that will benefit from this homeopathic treatment have pustules that are sore or itchy. This treatment works especially well for those with acne and symptoms that tend to worsen with heat or when washing the face.

Although homeopathy is a great way to help with the treatment of acne, it should only be used along with a proper skin care regimen. Homeopathy should never be used in place of proper skin care, and also should not be used in place of any prescriptions for more severe types of acne.

12 Alarming Facts About Florida Panthers (Animal)

Florida panthers, a puma subspecies that has become the state’s official animal, have been approaching extinction. Their number is now fewer than 180. Yet, there seems to be a divide among groups who have stake in getting them killed, giving them new habitat to recover, or simply leaving them alone to grow and reproduce, among others.

Read these 12 alarming facts about these big, wild cats.

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Photo Gallery 1

Panthers once roamed southeastern states such as Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Today, they can only be spotted in subtropical Florida.

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Photo Gallery 2

The species has been declared endangered since 1973. Main causes of death have been habitat loss and automobile accidents.

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Photo Gallery 3

They get shot by hunters who claim they compete for prey species such as deer. A New Yorker article shared the unfortunate end of a panther, which obtained a gunshot wound and died on a street side near the Picayune Strand State Forest.

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Photo Gallery 4

Forest fires are part of the threats that Florida panthers face in their habitat.

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Photo Gallery 5

There has been a call to de-list the Florida panthers as an endangered species. But even the current Florida Wildlife Commission’s figure of 100 to 180 is still far from the accepted population – 240 each for at least two populations – for a Threatened species to survive.

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Photo Gallery 6

These large, wild cats give birth to one to two cubs in several years. This is because the babies’ survival rates are low. Mating occurs throughout the year but peaks during spring and winter.

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Photo Gallery 7

By September 2015, there were already 17 dead panthers due to highway killings. As Ken Warren of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services (FWS) pointed out, “There are not enough panthers in the world. So even if you lose one or two it’s still a significant loss.”

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Photo Gallery 8

Florida has no cases of panthers being a threat to humans. Yet, there are those who fear them alongside Black Bears.

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Photo Gallery 9

The deliberate killing of Florida panthers is a federal offense. Uno is among the surviving Florida panthers. Last year, the Daily Mail reported that he took a shotgun blast to the face and hindquarters.

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Photo Gallery 10

An expanded habitat will sustain the population of Florida panthers in the future. Males protect their territory, an average of 200 square miles. Females have a much smaller range, about 75 square miles within the male’s territory.

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Photo Gallery 11

They remain one of the most endangered species on Earth, and yet, at least 36 were recorded dead by December 2015. While some deaths had indeterminate causes due to lateness of discovery, 25 were attributed to road accidents, four to fellow panthers (territorial disputes), one to gun shot, and one to starvation.

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Photo Gallery 12

Crossing the road during winter is critical for panthers as this is the season when people are moving from north to the south.

13 Photos of the Long-Forgotten Chippewa Lake Park

The Chippewa Lake Park in Medina County, Ohio, is now a private property. But in the last three decades, it has been a destination for some curious, camera-toting urban explorers. Why not?

Had the property not been up for sale, we would have recommended it to you as well. The amusement park may have closed in 1978, but something oddly attractive remains about the rusting ride parts set against acres of land sleeping under snow.

Fortunately, some adventurous souls went ahead and immortalized these icons in pixels. Learn more about Chippewa Lake Park through their photos.

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A small ad encouraging people to head to Chippewa Lake Amusement Park. In its final moments, attendance to the place began to drop. The business owners then decided to curtail operations in 1978. 

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You can see here that a ride that has survived, although plants and trees have grown through it. Entrance was not entirely forbidden before as residents did not seem to mind outsiders exploring the area. The situation may be different now that the property has a new owner.

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Edward Andrews was the first to develop this sprawling lakeshore into a picnic site. The first rides were a steamboat and a rollercoaster, which was considered to be dangerous. After each ride, its single-passenger cart needed to be pushed back up the track’s high point.

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Gallery Page 4

Mac Beach became the second owner of Chippewa Lake Park. It was him who banned alcohol and brought the carousel to spice things up. Yet, it was his son Parker who supervised the fun hub in its heydays.

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Gallery Page 5

Green growth has taken over the Ferris wheel. According to Lost in Ohio, it was once the fastest Ferris wheel in the world when loaded properly.

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Come aboard! Among other rides and attractions featured in the amusement park were train tracks and train caboose. This one does not seem to be getting anywhere at this point, though.

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The surrounding flora is a source of beauty. They provide a good contrast to the rusting machines of the place.

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Gallery Page 8

Here’s a view of Chippewa Lake.

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Gallery Page 9

In the Roaring ‘20s, live bands performed in the park. Its ballroom was able to hold 5,000 dancers at one point. It became a venue for musicians like the Dorsey Brothers and Paul Whiteman (Source: Lost in Ohio).

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Empty hulls like this could have been perfect settings for an eerie film, or a scene in The Walking Dead. Imagine this place was once filled with people moving to and fro.

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Here’s another perfect spot for Rick and his gang of zombie slayers. But don’t get too carried away. 

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Gallery Page 12

Goodbye, Chippewa Lake Park. The last owner, Continental Business Enterprises, closed it down when its plans of converting the park into a summer resort had tanked. 

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Gallery Page 13

It looks like the Chippewa Lake Park was destined to end up in ruins, to be remembered only in a museum. Too bad this museum did not see the light of day either.

Black is Beautiful: 25 Mindboggling Melanistic Animals

Black is beautiful and certainly melanistic animals are such an exquisitely good looking creatures!

Melanism is the opposite of albinism. It is the development of the dark-colored pigment melanin in the skin. In the past, it was medically termed as black jaundice. Just like Albinism results in awesomely white animals, the Melanism effect on animals is tremendously beautiful. Certainly, it’s hard to believe that these black beauties exist. Some may even think that the photos of melanistic animals are edited. However, the black pigments are not imaginary, they’re real!

Black panthers used to be the most famous melanistic animal, however, there were lots of animals which proves that black is indeed stunning. Below is a captivating gallery of twenty-five melanistic animals.

Black Panther

Black Panther

Black panthers has more advantages in hiding and hunting compared to non-all black panthers. as they become more camouflaged and has more potential to survive and reproduce in their environment. Their all black color makes them less conspicuous to predators. Likewise, their color gives them the biggest advantage to hunt at night.

Black panthers has various names such as black jaguars, black leopards, or black cougars.

Melanistic Guinea Pigs

Melanistic Guinea Pigs

Surely, melanistic guinea pigs are rare in the wild. However, due to the high demand among pet owners for color black, breeders tried to force the production of all black color. The result is indeed stunning with these black beauties!

Melanistic Deer

Melanistic Deer

In as much as we wanted to see lots of black deers in the wild, they are the rarest thing on earth. Just like white tailed deer, all black deers are extremely uncommon.

Melanistic Penguins

Melanistic Penguins

Absolutely, all black penguins are a pleasure to see. However, there are only 1 in 30,000 that can make it to a color of extreme black.

Melanistic Servals

Melanistic Servals

Malanism is common among servals most especially to servals living at higher altitudes.

Melanistic Owls

Melanistic Owls

As nocturnal birds, melanistic owls has the biggest advantage to catch its prey.

Melanistic Wolf

Melanistic Wolf

Melanistic Zebra

Melanistic Zebra

Melanistc Red Fox

Melanistc Red Fox

Melanistc Easter Blue Tongue Lizards

Melanistc Easter Blue Tongue Lizards

Melanistic Seal

Melanistic Seal

Melanistic Squirrel

Melanistic Squirrel

Melanistic Chicken

Melanistic Chicken

Melanistic Springbok

Melanistic Springbok

Melanistic Turtle

Melanistic Turtle

Melanistic Geoffroy’s Cat

Melanistic Geoffroy’s Cat

Geoffroy’s Cat are wild cats found in South America

Melanistic Coyote

Melanistic Coyote

Melanistic Camel

Melanistic Camel

Melanistic Bobcat

Melanistic Bobcat

Melanistic Groundhog

Melanistic Groundhog

Melanistic Jungle Cat

Melanistic Jungle Cat

Melanistic Raccoon

Melanistic Raccoon

Melanistic Cobra

Melanistic Cobra

Melanistic Leopard

Melanistic Leopard

Get to Know the Barbary Lion, The Largest Lion Subspecies and 12 Other Extinct Big Cats in the World

Get to Know the Barbary Lion, The Largest Lion Subspecies and 12 Other Extinct Big Cats in the World

The Barbary lion was considered one of the largest lion subspecies. Unfortunately, it is now extinct. This lion was a native to North America and is believed to diminish since the mid-19th century due to hunting. Male Barbary lions had dark, longhaired manes that extend to the shoulder to up to the belly. They measure around 2.35 to 2.8 meters while females are around 2.5 meters from head to tail. They could be as heavy as 270 to 300 kilograms. Barbary lions were used by the Romans to fight with gladiators. They were also used as gifts to Moroccan royal families. In the 19th and 20th centuries, they were kept in circus menageries and hotels then later at zoos. The Atlas Lion Project was launched to identify Barbary lion descendants in existence, aiming to start a program that would reintroduce the sub-species. In general, the Felidae or cat family is good predators. Big cats such as lions, tigers, leopards and jaguars continue to impress and frighten people. However, their family was diminished because some of their relatives are now extinct. Here is a list of some of the mightiest and biggest cats that came into existence.

Smilodon

Smilodon

The famous saber-toothed cat Smilodon was believed to have been extinct since 10,000 BC. It lived in North and South America during the Pleistocene age. They had a robust feature: long, fragile upper canines, well-developed forelimbs, and gaped jaw. They hunted big herbivores such as bison and camel. Smilodon can be as heavy as 500 kilograms when fully grown.

Giant Cheetah

Giant Cheetah

The Giant Cheetah can catch larger prey than its modern counterpart can. It weighed around 120 to 125 kilograms. It ran fast, has longer legs and bigger lungs and heart. It lived in Asia, France and Germany during the Pleistocene and Pliocene ages and got extinct in the last Ice Age.

Xenosmilus

Xenosmilus

The Xenosmilus had thicker, shorter teeth with serrated edges that cut flesh, similar to the teeth of shark and carnivorous dinosaur. It was very big and robust; about 180 to 230 kilograms. It had stronger and shorter legs. It is said to live in Florida during the Pleistocene period.

Homotherium

Homotherium

Also called Scimitar cat, the Homotherium was among the most successful cats. It was found in America, Asia, Europe and Africa. It could easily adapt on various habitats and was able to survive for 5 million years until it became extinct 10,000 years ago. It had short hind legs but longer forelegs, but not very big.

Machairoduskabir

Machairoduskabir

The Machairoduskabir was also a saber tooth tiger. It was gigantic, with tiger-like built and long tail. It was among the biggest cats, almost as big as a horse and weighing about 490 to 500 kilograms. It ate large herbivores like elephants and rhinos.

American Lion

American Lion

The American Lion is often referred as the biggest cat of all times. It lived from Alaska to Peru during the Pleistocene age and became extinct 11,000 years ago. Experts believe that this lion was a giant relative of modern day lions but others disagree. It weighed up to 500 kilograms and was able to take such large prey.

Caspian Tiger

Caspian Tiger

The Caspian tiger was also known as Persian tiger. It lived in Iran, Turkey and China. It weighed a maximum of 240 kilograms and was not as big as Siberian tigers. They became extinct in the late 19th century, but could be brought back through so called “de-extinction”.

Giant Jaguar

Giant Jaguar

The jaguar known today is somewhat a small lion or tiger, but the ones discovered before weighed around 150 kilograms, similar to African lioness in size. They had long limbs and tails but were stronger than full-grown tiger and lion.

European Jaguar

European Jaguar

The Panthera or European Jaguar did not come from the same modern jaguar species. It is uncertain how it looked like, but scientists suggest that it is similar to a tiger. It was huge, weighing up to 210 kilograms and was said to live in France, Germany, Spain, England and the Netherlands.

Cave Lion

Cave Lion

The Cave Lion was a giant lion subspecies, weighing about 300 kilograms. It was powerful and dangerous that is why it was feared by other animals. It has no mane, only a bare ruff around its neck.

Pleistocene Tiger

Pleistocene Tiger

The tigers we see today were said to be later versions of the Pleistocene tiger. These tigers evolved because they had to prey on diverse group of large herbivores in Asia. They are the largest modern day cats, which could reach up to 300 kilograms.

Megantereon

Megantereon

The Megantereon was known to live in parts of Africa, Europe, North America and Asia. It was a dirk-toothed cat with enlarged upper canines. It was robust but not speedy to run for prey. It looked like a big modern jaguar, reaching up to 150 kilograms.

Most of these cats were discovered through their fossil remains. Contrary to popular belief that they became extinct because of lack of prey, researchers noted that their extinction could be associated with changing climate and human activity. Humans should be more cautious about the possibility of the modern cats being extinct in the future.

9 Interesting Facts about Maltese Shih Tzu Mix

A Maltese Shih Tzu Mix is what you get when you crossbreed a Shih Tzu and a Maltese. These are designer dogs which are also commonly named as Malte Tzu, Shihtese, or Malshi.

These little guys are certainly gorgeous dogs that are feisty and forever loyal companions. However, if you want to have a purebred Maltese Shih Tzu, it would be great if you check on who their parents are before getting one as not all breeders are pure bred. Keep in mind that when a pure bred Maltese dog is mated with a purebred Shih Tzu, then there’s a huge chance of having a healthy and energetic Maltese Shih Tzu.

The following are fascinating facts you may not know about these dogs:

 

A Maltese Shih Tzu mix was developed in the 1990s. They are one of the most popular dog breeds in Australia. Recently, it has gained popular attention in North America and other countries.

Photo Credit: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/319051954824958022/

 

You can register a Maltese Shih Tzu Mix to American Canine Hybrid Club but not to American Kennel Club.

Photo Credit: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/497155246337921337/

 

Maltese Shih Tzu Mix breeds are non-shedding dogs making them the best choice for those who have allergies.

Photo Credit: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/393079873702215292/

 

They need regular grooming and brushing to avoid tangling.

Photo Credit: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/365706432217005670/

 

They are energetic, affectionate and loyal to their owners. These are personality characteristics that they inherited from their parents. A Maltese is known to be loyal, gentle and a great guard dog as they can signal their owners when they are suspicious of their environment.

Photo Credit: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/437482551280193695/

 

They are charming and best suited for a variety of lifestyles. They are intelligent dogs making them so easy to train.

Photo Credit: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/540291286526260354/

 

They are friendly and outgoing. They can make friends with anyone, be it humans or with their fellow dogs.

Photo Credit: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/512636370056142184/

 

They are also wonderful therapy dogs, thanks to their loving and social characteristics.

Photo Credit: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/377106168777724876/

 

A Maltese Shih Tzu Mix has an average lifespan of 12 to 14 years.

Photo Credit: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/110619734573202821/

FMLA Fact Sheet

The Role of fmla Fact Sheet in Leave Application 

When it comes to the State of Texas, employment may be given a new shot. Basically, those who will be employing employees who they are not related with will be required to post the so-called workplace posters. This should be done both by the State, which is the Texas Workforce Commission, and as well as the Federal, or the US Department of Labor. These are laws. It has been said that this in anyway is not optional in nature. If the mentioned is not to be posted, the business may be put at risk. For those who do not want to receive any fine for like $17,000. This may even be more. With this in mind, securing fmla fact sheet is somehow a requirement.

As a whole, there are like 11 total posters which are all mandatory for the Texas Employers. These may be for five state and six federal. There is Texas Payday Notice, Texas Equal Employment Opportunity, Texas Child Labor Laws, Texas Ombudsman Program, Texas Workers’ Compensation not offered, and then Texas Workers’ Compensation being offered.

Needless to say, FMLA is meant to provide most employees with workweeks which may be unpaid. The mentioned may reach 12 of it. It may also be in relation to a job-protected leave which may be obtained for a year. Normally, this would require health benefits in order for employees to be helped. This will be realized because the said employees will still be given the chance to work even if they take a leave. For those who are still clueless, there is a compliance guide. This is responsible in summarizing the provisions of FMLA, as well as the regulations. They will also provide answers which are always being asked. There are more details known to many. Studying it should be made feasible then.

FMLA took into effect on August 5, 1993. But then, during such time, it was only observed by some of the employees. They involved those who are said to be in scope with collective bargaining agreement, or CBA. The effectiveness was observed though because there was expiration. It lasted until February 5, 1994, which was intended to be earlier.

The law is responsible in covering some of the employers. The only difference though is that it would only cover employees who are eligible by the protection being given by the law. It may even involve entitlement, allowing many to leave, and maintain their health benefits while they are on leave. Job restoration may also be promised right after the leave. These are all possible because requirements will be set. There will be certification and notice which are needed by those who will file for the FMLA leave. In the end, employees will be protected as they request the leave. This is why securing the form is somehow vital.

Upon the application of leave, employees are going to be screened first because not everyone will be eligible for it. There is scope that has to be pondered upon primarily.