Get to Know the Barbary Lion, The Largest Lion Subspecies and 12 Other Extinct Big Cats in the World

Get to Know the Barbary Lion, The Largest Lion Subspecies and 12 Other Extinct Big Cats in the World

The Barbary lion was considered one of the largest lion subspecies. Unfortunately, it is now extinct. This lion was a native to North America and is believed to diminish since the mid-19th century due to hunting. Male Barbary lions had dark, longhaired manes that extend to the shoulder to up to the belly. They measure around 2.35 to 2.8 meters while females are around 2.5 meters from head to tail. They could be as heavy as 270 to 300 kilograms. Barbary lions were used by the Romans to fight with gladiators. They were also used as gifts to Moroccan royal families. In the 19th and 20th centuries, they were kept in circus menageries and hotels then later at zoos. The Atlas Lion Project was launched to identify Barbary lion descendants in existence, aiming to start a program that would reintroduce the sub-species. In general, the Felidae or cat family is good predators. Big cats such as lions, tigers, leopards and jaguars continue to impress and frighten people. However, their family was diminished because some of their relatives are now extinct. Here is a list of some of the mightiest and biggest cats that came into existence.

Smilodon

Smilodon

The famous saber-toothed cat Smilodon was believed to have been extinct since 10,000 BC. It lived in North and South America during the Pleistocene age. They had a robust feature: long, fragile upper canines, well-developed forelimbs, and gaped jaw. They hunted big herbivores such as bison and camel. Smilodon can be as heavy as 500 kilograms when fully grown.

Giant Cheetah

Giant Cheetah

The Giant Cheetah can catch larger prey than its modern counterpart can. It weighed around 120 to 125 kilograms. It ran fast, has longer legs and bigger lungs and heart. It lived in Asia, France and Germany during the Pleistocene and Pliocene ages and got extinct in the last Ice Age.

Xenosmilus

Xenosmilus

The Xenosmilus had thicker, shorter teeth with serrated edges that cut flesh, similar to the teeth of shark and carnivorous dinosaur. It was very big and robust; about 180 to 230 kilograms. It had stronger and shorter legs. It is said to live in Florida during the Pleistocene period.

Homotherium

Homotherium

Also called Scimitar cat, the Homotherium was among the most successful cats. It was found in America, Asia, Europe and Africa. It could easily adapt on various habitats and was able to survive for 5 million years until it became extinct 10,000 years ago. It had short hind legs but longer forelegs, but not very big.

Machairoduskabir

Machairoduskabir

The Machairoduskabir was also a saber tooth tiger. It was gigantic, with tiger-like built and long tail. It was among the biggest cats, almost as big as a horse and weighing about 490 to 500 kilograms. It ate large herbivores like elephants and rhinos.

American Lion

American Lion

The American Lion is often referred as the biggest cat of all times. It lived from Alaska to Peru during the Pleistocene age and became extinct 11,000 years ago. Experts believe that this lion was a giant relative of modern day lions but others disagree. It weighed up to 500 kilograms and was able to take such large prey.

Caspian Tiger

Caspian Tiger

The Caspian tiger was also known as Persian tiger. It lived in Iran, Turkey and China. It weighed a maximum of 240 kilograms and was not as big as Siberian tigers. They became extinct in the late 19th century, but could be brought back through so called “de-extinction”.

Giant Jaguar

Giant Jaguar

The jaguar known today is somewhat a small lion or tiger, but the ones discovered before weighed around 150 kilograms, similar to African lioness in size. They had long limbs and tails but were stronger than full-grown tiger and lion.

European Jaguar

European Jaguar

The Panthera or European Jaguar did not come from the same modern jaguar species. It is uncertain how it looked like, but scientists suggest that it is similar to a tiger. It was huge, weighing up to 210 kilograms and was said to live in France, Germany, Spain, England and the Netherlands.

Cave Lion

Cave Lion

The Cave Lion was a giant lion subspecies, weighing about 300 kilograms. It was powerful and dangerous that is why it was feared by other animals. It has no mane, only a bare ruff around its neck.

Pleistocene Tiger

Pleistocene Tiger

The tigers we see today were said to be later versions of the Pleistocene tiger. These tigers evolved because they had to prey on diverse group of large herbivores in Asia. They are the largest modern day cats, which could reach up to 300 kilograms.

Megantereon

Megantereon

The Megantereon was known to live in parts of Africa, Europe, North America and Asia. It was a dirk-toothed cat with enlarged upper canines. It was robust but not speedy to run for prey. It looked like a big modern jaguar, reaching up to 150 kilograms.

Most of these cats were discovered through their fossil remains. Contrary to popular belief that they became extinct because of lack of prey, researchers noted that their extinction could be associated with changing climate and human activity. Humans should be more cautious about the possibility of the modern cats being extinct in the future.

9 Interesting Facts about Maltese Shih Tzu Mix

A Maltese Shih Tzu Mix is what you get when you crossbreed a Shih Tzu and a Maltese. These are designer dogs which are also commonly named as Malte Tzu, Shihtese, or Malshi.

These little guys are certainly gorgeous dogs that are feisty and forever loyal companions. However, if you want to have a purebred Maltese Shih Tzu, it would be great if you check on who their parents are before getting one as not all breeders are pure bred. Keep in mind that when a pure bred Maltese dog is mated with a purebred Shih Tzu, then there’s a huge chance of having a healthy and energetic Maltese Shih Tzu.

The following are fascinating facts you may not know about these dogs:

 

A Maltese Shih Tzu mix was developed in the 1990s. They are one of the most popular dog breeds in Australia. Recently, it has gained popular attention in North America and other countries.

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You can register a Maltese Shih Tzu Mix to American Canine Hybrid Club but not to American Kennel Club.

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Maltese Shih Tzu Mix breeds are non-shedding dogs making them the best choice for those who have allergies.

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They need regular grooming and brushing to avoid tangling.

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They are energetic, affectionate and loyal to their owners. These are personality characteristics that they inherited from their parents. A Maltese is known to be loyal, gentle and a great guard dog as they can signal their owners when they are suspicious of their environment.

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They are charming and best suited for a variety of lifestyles. They are intelligent dogs making them so easy to train.

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They are friendly and outgoing. They can make friends with anyone, be it humans or with their fellow dogs.

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They are also wonderful therapy dogs, thanks to their loving and social characteristics.

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A Maltese Shih Tzu Mix has an average lifespan of 12 to 14 years.

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FMLA Fact Sheet

The Role of fmla Fact Sheet in Leave Application 

When it comes to the State of Texas, employment may be given a new shot. Basically, those who will be employing employees who they are not related with will be required to post the so-called workplace posters. This should be done both by the State, which is the Texas Workforce Commission, and as well as the Federal, or the US Department of Labor. These are laws. It has been said that this in anyway is not optional in nature. If the mentioned is not to be posted, the business may be put at risk. For those who do not want to receive any fine for like $17,000. This may even be more. With this in mind, securing fmla fact sheet is somehow a requirement.

As a whole, there are like 11 total posters which are all mandatory for the Texas Employers. These may be for five state and six federal. There is Texas Payday Notice, Texas Equal Employment Opportunity, Texas Child Labor Laws, Texas Ombudsman Program, Texas Workers’ Compensation not offered, and then Texas Workers’ Compensation being offered.

Needless to say, FMLA is meant to provide most employees with workweeks which may be unpaid. The mentioned may reach 12 of it. It may also be in relation to a job-protected leave which may be obtained for a year. Normally, this would require health benefits in order for employees to be helped. This will be realized because the said employees will still be given the chance to work even if they take a leave. For those who are still clueless, there is a compliance guide. This is responsible in summarizing the provisions of FMLA, as well as the regulations. They will also provide answers which are always being asked. There are more details known to many. Studying it should be made feasible then.

FMLA took into effect on August 5, 1993. But then, during such time, it was only observed by some of the employees. They involved those who are said to be in scope with collective bargaining agreement, or CBA. The effectiveness was observed though because there was expiration. It lasted until February 5, 1994, which was intended to be earlier.

The law is responsible in covering some of the employers. The only difference though is that it would only cover employees who are eligible by the protection being given by the law. It may even involve entitlement, allowing many to leave, and maintain their health benefits while they are on leave. Job restoration may also be promised right after the leave. These are all possible because requirements will be set. There will be certification and notice which are needed by those who will file for the FMLA leave. In the end, employees will be protected as they request the leave. This is why securing the form is somehow vital.

Upon the application of leave, employees are going to be screened first because not everyone will be eligible for it. There is scope that has to be pondered upon primarily.